Show MoreThere are many different theorists with several different ideas. I have chosen to focus on Erikson’s theory of Trust vs . Mistrust. I have to strongly agree with his ideas because I believe that experiences that a person might go through as an infant can have a huge impact on their life. I must say that I chose to take in serious consideration his beliefs as I am raising my daughter. Before I started nursing school I was an Early Head Start Home Visitor to families prenatal to three years of age. With this experience I have been in many homes with various different parenting types. I strongly agree with Erikson’s Trust vs. Mistrust theory . Seeing this first hand with parents who would not hold their baby because they were afraid of…show more content…
Erikson’s stages were from birth to death while other theorist only focused on early childhood. His views were that personality traits come in opposites. Erikson believed that we think of ourselves as independent or dependent, unemotional or emotional, cautious or adventurous, follower or leader, passive or aggressive, and optimistic or pessimistic. Some of these are inborn temperament traits, but other characteristics, such as feeling either competent or inferior, appear to be learned, based on the challenges and support we receive in growing up. (Erikson Stages, 2006) (Developmental Stages, 2009). The first stage of Erik Erikson's theory centers on the infant's basic needs being met by the parents. The infant depends on the parents, especially the mother, for food, nutrition, and ease. The child's virtual understanding of world and society originate from the parents and their collaboration with the child. If the parents expose the child to warmth, regularity, and dependable affection, the infant's view of the world will be one of trust. Should the parents fail to provide a secure environment and to meet the child's basic needs a sense of mistrust will result? According to Erik Erikson, the main developmental task in infancy is to learn whether or not other people, especially primary caregivers, frequently satisfy basic needs. If caregivers are steady sources of nutrition, comfort, and affection, an infant
The Trust Versus Mistrust Theory Of Erikson
I was born to a teenage mother where physical abuse between my mother and father had been present. Though my mother had been caring and loving towards me, eventually my father had become absent because he desired to be with a family he created during my parent’s marriage. By the time I was five-years-old he had become completely absent from my life. Due to the witnessing of the abuse my father had done to my mother, I had become a child who could not count on others being kind or caring in my life which caused me to become weary of others around me. I had projected my insecurities on other people especially when my mother had started to date other men as I was afraid of any man my mother started dating, I mistrusted men, and pushed people away because I was afraid they would leave me.
My mother had become the only person that I would ever trust and be comfortable being attached to in life. This theory correlates to Erikson's “trust versus” mistrust theory where children are trusting and expect their relationships to be persistently gratifying or the child is mistrustful and is persistently mistrustful of those around them, in effect the child will withdrawal from people around them. As a result of my childhood lifestyle I had become a mistrustful child. I did not like strangers especially men to come near me and I had always remained fearful that they would hurt my mother or I. This in turn has continued to follow me throughout my development as I continue to struggle with it in my early adulthood. Despite the amount of mistrust I had developed, I was a child that was full of wonder and possessed the desire to be an individual. When I was younger at the young age of three, I would want to buy my own food with the little money I would beg to earn. I would ask my mom to give me “work” and would help her around the house to earn a dollar to buy my own ice cream. The small events of buying my own ice cream or being able to put myself to sleep without the help of others had always given me a sense of conviction and pride, as I continued to grow into my childhood I persistently gained the desire to be autonomous—a leader. Though I would say that I had been born with the innate desire to be independent, I also feel like my mother encouraged my independence because she did not want me to become reliant on another individual (especially a man). It seems as if my mother had driven me to be more independent so I would be able to evade getting hurt by another person. Today, I still carry this with me and it has helped fuel my desire to achieve without the help or aid of another person.
As I had merged into my childhood I had persistently carried the weight of adult’s criticisms. As I had been forced to live with my grandfather due to my parents’ divorce at the age of five, I had a bared a large amount of criticism from my grandfather. I had been persistently reminded that I was a “bastard” child and that I would never be...
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